Inclusive WASH development: technology adaptations for persons with disabilities

The ability to access and use water sanitation and hygiene (WASH) facilities is a fundamental human right. Increasingly, government and non-governmental organizations (NGOs) are supporting the implementation of WASH projects in the developing world. However, the specific challenges faced by persons with disabilities (PWD) are not widely included in the design process of WASH facilities. Additionally, PWD are often excluded from the implementation and decision-making processes of WASH projects. It is the objective of this briefing paper to describe the findings, recommendations and guidelines for inclusive WASH development gleaned from experience with the Africa WASH & Disabilities Study (AWDS). The AWDS seeks to facilitate access to WASH installations through modifications of existing WASH installations (e.g. hand-pumps, pump superstructures, latrines and laundry aprons) as well as through the development of simple, low-cost assistive WASH technologies (e.g. latrine seats and chairs).