Myanmar or the Republic of the Union of Myanmar is one of the largest countries in South East Asia. Myanmar is the 24th most populus country with a 2018 estimated population of 53.86 million. The country is very ethnically diversed with 135 ethnic groups. 68% of the population are Bamar and is one of the major ethnic groups, followed by other major ethnic groups such as Shan, Kachin, Kayin, Kaya, Mon, Rakhine and Chin. The majority, 89 per cent, of Myanmar’s citizens are Buddhist.
After winning the election in 2015, National League for Democary is now the leading political party of Myanmar appointing U Htin Kyaw as the first non-military president since 1962, and with Aung San Suu Kyi in the newly- created position of State Counsellor. After less than two years, U Htin Kyaw resigned from the president position on 21 March 2018, citing health issues. Since then, U Win Myint, former Speaker of the House of Representatives of Myanmar, has been appointed as the president of Myanmar.
Myanmar, a lower-middle income economy with a GNI per capita of $1,455 in 2017, is one of the fastest growing economies in the East Asia and Pacific region and globally. The GDP growth rate for 2016/2017 was 6.4 percent and is expected to remain the same in 2017/18, growing to 6.7% in 2018/19 and 7 percent in 2019/2020, mainly driven by services, industry and agriculture. (Ref: www.worldbank.org)
Myanmar is one of the world’s most disaster-prone countries exposed to multiple hazards, including floods, cyclones, earthquakes, landslides, and droughts, ranking 2nd out of 187 countries in the 2016 Global Climate Risk Index and 9th out of 191 countries in the INFORM Index for Risk Management. (Ref: www.worldbank.org)
Among ASEAN countries, Myanmar has the lowest life expectancy and the second highest rate of infant and child mortality. In the most recent Human Development Index released by the UNDP, Myanmar ranks (0.536 index) 145 out of 188 countries in the world.
Recent World Vision Achievments in Myanmar
- In 2017, World Vision support 513 Early Childhood Care and Development centers and established 37 Non Formal Education centers. Total 14,944 children attened ECCD centers and 613 children NFE centers.
- Across the country, 80 new water sources were constructed and 30 existing water sources rennovated. Total 843 community latriens were constructed, together with 40 school latrine blocks. Total number of 117,833 people have been reached with health education sessions on MNCH and diarrhea prevention.
- Total 282 groups of Village Saving and Loan Association have been formed, bringing the total number of VSLA gropus to 1,042 by 2017. Total 7,404 people received Home Gardening Trainings and 30,000 people received livestock and farm inputs trainings.
- 242 Child protection cases reported and 224 cases were successfully closed. 138 child soilders case reported via hot line. 118 children were able to access 24 hours services at Temporary Shelter (Transist Home). 85 trafficked returnees received Criminal Justice Support.
- HEA team has distributed 269,353 Metric Ton of rice and total $749,354 USD to 11,501 beneficiaries.