Somalia Hunger Crisis: What you need to know
Somalia's widespread food insecurity is a result of four consecutive poor rainy seasons, which led to below-average agricultural production, and loss of livestock at large scale. This has contributed to reduction of household income and therefore access to food, water and nutrition.
As persistent drought continues to impede recovery of normal livelihoods and food security in 2018, humanitarian needs are on the rise also due to lack of access to basic services, displacement and conflict barring access in some parts of Somalia.
With a fourth consecutive poor rain season expected and with 3.1 million people estimated to be in Crisis and 0.8 million people in Emergency, the risk of famine still exists. This shows the massive needs that may not be met by the current financial and human resources.
Sustaining the large-scale assistance while looking at long-term solution is needed to prevent loss of lives.
- 6.2 million people are in need of urgent life-saving assistance to combat the worst effects of prolonged drought and protracted conflict
- Children are the hardest hit. More than 4 million boys and girls are in need of humanitarian assistance.
- 1.2 million children under 5 years are projected to be malnourished in 2018.
- Of this, 231,000 are in the IDP settlements.
- Overall, 388,000 children are acutely malnourished, including more than 87,000 severely malnourished and in need of urgent life-saving treatment.
FEB-MAY 2018 FOOD INSECURITY OUTLOOK IN SOMALIA
What is World Vision doing?
World Vision in collaboration with partners and government, with support from donors continues to respond to the affected communities going hungry with interventions such as:
- Food and cash assistance,
- Health and nutrition (including using mobile clinics),
- Water trucking and rehabilitation of water sources,
- Non-food items,
- Education and protection
As of December 2017, we assisted more than 1 million people in affected areas, but more assistance is needed to match the increased needs.
Severely malnourished Muhammed, 4 diagnosed by a World Vision mobile health unit in Budanbunto Somalia
Why is it happening in Somalia?
- Climate change leading to prolonged droughts
- Consecutive failure of rains for more than two years now
- Protracted conflict leading to displacement and loss of livelihoods and productive assets. Prolonged drought and the protracted political crisis where a combination of conflicts, collapse of basic services and climatic events have eroded traditional coping mechanisms making it difficult to plan for long-term resilience initiatives.
- Conflict, leading to displacement of people and disruption of livelihoods and productive assets
- Lack of investment in health, education, livelihoods, eroding communities’ capabilities to cope with crises
Displaced by drought, Fatuma 60 with her grandson fled their land with her family to receive emergency water supplies provided by World Vision in Maslale village, Puntland. "We used to have a large flock of goats and camels, but now most of them have died because of lack of rains."
What can you do?
To address these crises, we need sustained humanitarian action targeting the most vulnerable coupled with resilience building that enhances the livelihoods and capacity for households and communities to cope. World Vision’s response to hunger in Somalia is 60% funded. Money donated provides children with nutritious food, water, medical supplies among other things.