The Co-Chairs of the Open Working Group (OWG) on the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) have issued the "zero draft" of goals and targets. The zero draft, titled ‘Introduction and Proposed Goals and Targets on Sustainable Development for the Post2015 Development Agenda,' proposes 17 goals to be attained by 2030, as well as associated targets.
Proposed Zero Draft Goals:
- ‘End poverty in all its forms everywhere,' includes eight targets, including eradicating extreme poverty.
- End hunger, achieve food security and adequate nutrition for all, and promote sustainable agriculture,' calls for ensuring all people have access to adequate, safe, affordable and nutritious food all year round and to substantially increase the incomes and productivity of small family farmers, pastoralists and fishers, among its 11 targets.
- Attain healthy life for all at all ages,' includes nine targets, including: reducing maternal deaths; ending preventable newborn, infant and under-five deaths; ending HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis, malaria and neglected tropical diseases; reducing deaths from non-communicable diseases (NCDs), including halving road traffic deaths; and achieving universal health coverage (UHC).
- The fourth goal focuses on providing ‘equitable and inclusive quality education and life-long learning opportunities for all,' and has nine targets, including on ensuring equal access for all to affordable tertiary education, education for sustainable development and enhancing teaching quality.
- Attain gender equality, empower women and girls everywhere,' aims to end all forms of discrimination against women and girls and engage men and boys in efforts to promote and achieve gender equality among its 11 targets.
- ‘Secure water and sanitation for all for a sustainable world,' addresses safe and affordable water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH), water quality, wastewater management, water-use efficiency and integrated water resources management (IWRM) among its eight targets.
- ‘Ensure access to affordable, sustainable, and reliable modern energy services for all,' and includes six targets, including to double primary energy supply per capita per LDCs.
- ‘Promote strong, inclusive and sustainable economic growth and decent work for all,' and includes 16 targets.
- This goal, ‘Promote sustainable industrialization,' has 12 targets.
- ‘Reduce inequality within and among countries,' has seven targets on reducing inequality among social groups within countries and five targets on international actions to reduce inequalities among nations.
- ‘Build inclusive, safe and sustainable cities and human settlements,' includes nine targets, such as ensuring universal access to adequate and affordable housing and eliminating slum-like conditions.
- 'Promote sustainable consumption and production patterns,' includes 11 targets, such as decoupling economic growth from environmental degradation and sound management of chemicals and hazardous waste.
- Goal thirteen, ‘Promote actions at all levels to address climate change,' has five targets. Climate change, natural disasters and resilience are also addressed in goals on ending poverty, ending hunger and promoting sustainable agriculture and building sustainable cities, among others.
- Goal fourteen, ‘Attain conservation and sustainable use of marine resources, oceans and seas,' has 11 targets. It includes two targets on LDCs and SIDS, which focus on: eliminating subsidies that contribute to overcapacity and overfishing; and increasing the economic returns to SIDS and LDCs from the sustainable development of coastal and marine resources from within their jurisdictions.
- Goal fifteen, ‘Protect and restore terrestrial ecosystems and halt all biodiversity loss,' has 11 targets that address threatened species, conservation and sustainable use, restoration, forests and mountain ecosystems, land degradation, poaching and trafficking of endangered species, invasive alien species, fair and equitable sharing of benefits and free prior and informed consent (FPIC), among other issues.
- Goal sixteen, ‘Achieve peaceful and inclusive societies, rule of law, effective and capable institutions,' has ten targets on fostering peaceful and inclusive societies and seven targets on the rule of law, effective and capable institutions.
- Goal seventeen, ‘Strengthen and enhance the means of implementation and global partnership for sustainable development,' includes specific targets for each of the 16 previous goals. For example, climate change targets related to means of implementation include building a climate change goal based on the outcome of the 21st session of the Conference of the Parties (COP 21) to the UNFCCC and operationalizing the Green Climate Fund (GCF) as soon as possible.
Under the first 16 SDGs, there are 166 targets. Goal 17 has 46 MOI targets.