A complex security crisis and ethnic conflict has unfolded in Central Mali. In the past, violent activities have been confined to the north of country, but recent months have seen a slow yet destructive spread of violent activity to significant parts of central region, rendering some areas inaccessible to both Government institutions and humanitarian organizations based in the area. Ethnic conflict has also flared over land between the animal herding community and the farming community making the security situation is very volatile in the Koro district, (Mopti Region).
Security in the central and northern regions of the country has witnessed gradual decline since 2012. An increasing number of families are fleeing their homes, due to inter-ethnic conflict, and attacks on local authority and institutional structures are increasing, resulting in areas that are becoming more difficult for humanitarian organizations like World Vision to access. Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA) updates indicate an increase in affected populations in central Mali and estimates that 4.1 million people are in need of humanitarian assistance. The same update indicates that, due to the conflict 908.000 people have Water, Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH) needs, 800.000 are projected in Phase 3-4 food insecurity and 165.000 children are suffering from malnutrition in Central Mali.
World Vision's response
Since April 2018, World Vision is supporting IDP families in host communities in the sectors below:
Food assistance and livelihoods: 5 000 people will receive food assistance in coordination with distribution and compliance committees for IDPs in areas where there is increasing extremist activity.
Water, Sanitation and Hygiene: 500 households received WASH kits, made of water containers of 20lt, baby plastic pots, soap, water purifiers sachet, and plastic buckets of 10lt and bags in the affected areas.
Child Protection and Peace building: 15 000 people, including children, women and men will benefit from Child Protection and Peace building activities, to make sure communities live in harmony again and children live in a safe and protected environment. World Vision is working alongside Inter religious platforms, customary and traditional leaders, youth associations, women’s associations and children.
Nutrition: 828 children suffering from severe malnutrition will be treated, 29 people working in or with the health services (all Nutrition staff and World Vision staff, Health nutrition staff, maternity staff) will be trained on the new Community-based Management of Acute Malnutrition (CMAM) protocol and 75 kits to groups that support activities linked to nutrition, locally called "groupes de soutien aux activités de nutrition” (GSAN) will be provided to 75 villages through community health centers. The activity will reach pregnant and lactating women and children under 5.
Sponsorship in Emergency (SiE): World Vision sponsorship team is engaging with the respective Area Development Programs Support Office’s (Canada, New Zealand and Taiwan) to inform sponsors of this changed reality. Work is underway to revise the SiE standards, and child monitoring is being done through community sponsorship volunteers.
Education: 78 (52 boys and 26 girls) junior high school students whose schools were forcibly closed and that have been moved from their families by the Regional Education department to a safe place in Koro, received food, black boards, chalk, sanitary pads for girl children, sleeping mats, rice, hand washing kits, soap, bleach.
The response has reached 734 households, mostly children and women and 78 junior high school students. World Vision in partnership with the government, UN agencies, local NGOs and donors, is providing much needed food Assistance, WASH and life-saving kits.
At the moment 3.5 M US $ is required in order to provide the most needed relief to vulnerable families in what is already one of the most affected regions in the country.