Burundi economy is mainly based on agriculture and approximately 90% of Burundians derive their livelihood from agricultural production. While attending to field and marsh land crops production and livestock grazing, parents and caregivers often live their younger children home alone with no care, or in the care of the elderly parents in the neighborhood. This is mainly because household meager income cannot cater for child care services at household level. This is compounded by culture of unequal distribution of roles between men and women. While the woman handles many household chores on a daily basis, most men consider that child care is a responsibility of the female member of the household and prefer to spend most of their productive time in beer gardens.