World Vision South Sudan Crisis

South Sudan Crisis

South Sudan is experiencing the worst food and nutrition insecurity since conflict began about three and a half years ago. About one million people are starving and more that 270,000 children suffering from severe acute malnutrition, the most critical form of malnutrition.

Famine was officially declared in parts of former Unity State, the first famine to be declared anywhere in the world in six years. About 100,000 people are starving and one million more are on the brink.

Malnutrition is on the rise and more than 270,00 children already have severe acute malnutrition, the most critical form of malnutrition.

The overall food and nutrition security situation in South Sudan has deteriorated in many parts of the country with an estimated 5.5 million people (approximately 47 per cent of the South Sudan population) projected to be severely food insecure during the May-July 2016 lean season.

This is the highest level of hunger since the conflict in South Sudan began about three-and-a-half years ago. This number does not include 350,000 residents of the UN Protection of Civilians areas or other camps for displaced people, who currently are entirely dependent on humanitarian assistance.

The current deterioration in food security and nutrition is primarily due to physical insecurity, the effects of the economic crisis and depleted stocks from the last harvest.

The worst affected population is likely to include the displaced, returning households and the low-income earners who are characterized by minimal assets and low purchasing power to satisfy their food needs.

Approximately 300,000 people are the urban poor/food insecure located in Juba, Wau and Aweil towns. In the current analysis, approximately 350,000 people in Protection of Civilians [PoC] and IDP camps are excluded because they are classified in Phase 2 although their survival depends on regular humanitarian assistance.

Conflict continues to displace more people. According to OCHA about 3.6 million people have been displaced, 1.9 internally, and 1.7 have sought refuge in neighbouring countries particularly in Uganda.

Key numbers:
• 4.9 million people severely food insecure
• 5.5 million people expected to face severe food shortages by July
• 100,000 people are facing starvation
• 270,000 children are suffering the most critical form of malnutrition
• 1.9 million internally displaced people (OCHA)
• 1.7 million South Sudanese refugees (UNHCR)

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