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Menstrual Hygiene

Menstrual Hygiene is vital to the empowerment and well-being of women and girls worldwide. It is about more than just access to sanitary pads and appropriate toilets – though those are important. It is also about ensuring women and girls live in an environment that values and supports their ability to manage their menstruation with dignity.

What is Menstrual Hygiene? 


Menstrual Hygiene Management (MHM) is defined as:

“Women and adolescent girls are using clean menstrual management materials to absorb or collect blood that can be changed in privacy as often as necessary for the duration of the menstruation period, using soap and water for washing the body as required, and having access to facilities to dispose of used menstrual management materials" (JMP 2012). 

Globally, at least 500 million women and girls lack proper access to menstrual hygiene facilities. Several factors influence difficult experiences with menstruation, including inadequate facilities and materials, menstrual pain, fear of disclosure, and inadequate knowledge about the menstrual cycle (World Bank 2018).  

  • In India, only 1 in every 2 girls have knowledge about menstruation before their first period. In Tanzania and Ethiopia, only 1 in every 4 girls know about it before their first period. 
  • In Uganda, 1 out of 2 girls report missing one to three days of school per month due to menstruation.
  • In India, for 1 out of 2 girls, mothers are the most important source of information about menstruation, followed by friends. (MH Day 2019)
Menstrual Hygiene Day 2019 


May 28 is Menstrual Hygiene Day (MH Day); a day dedicated to bringing awareness around the vital role that good menstrual hygiene management (MHM) plays in empowering women and adolescent girls worldwide to become all that they can be. The vision behind MH Day is a world in which every woman and girl is able to manage her menstruation in a hygienic way- in safety, privacy, and with dignity- wherever they are.

Webinar Series 


In 2018, World Vision together with WASH UnitedSimavi and GIZ launched a webinar series on menstrual hygiene, an activity under the MH Alliance. MHM experts Marni Sommer (Columbia University) and Chris Bobel (Society for Menstruation Research) kicked off the webinar, followed subsequently with presentations by organizations working in Asia and Africa.

Click on the link to access the recordings and summary documents from the 2018 five part webinar series on Menstrual Hygiene MH Webinar Brief Compiled_FINAL.pdf

All of World Vision’s school WASH programmes now require that school sanitation facilities are MHM friendly, which include sex-separated toilets, bathing facilities, and access to water and soap for personal cleaning for girl students and female teachers.

Related materials

Learning Brief: Menstrual Hygiene Management in Schools

Menstrual Hygiene Campaign materials

MH Webinar Brief Compiled_FINAL.pdf