Conflict has displaced over 3.4 million Iraqis within the country and brought 240,000 refugees from Syria to Iraq. World Vision has been responding to the crisis in Iraq since 2014 and works in the three governorates of the Kurdish region, Ninewa and Kirkuk serving over 930,000 refugees and internally-displaced persons (IDPs). The major concentration of the response work is on beneficiaries displaced living outside of camps, particularly those who have settled in unused buildings and non-camp structures who are underserved and highly vulnerable.
World Vision Food Programme, one of the largest WFP partners in Iraq, has four types of food modalities: cash, vouchers, e-vouchers and in-kind distributions for both IDPs and Refugees. Every month World Vision provides over 100,000 people with food assistance in 17 camps in Erbil, Duhok, and Sulaymaniyah. World Vision’s accountability system in its food programme is internationally awarded as an industry standard for the best practice with highly developed implementation, feedback mechanisms and the strategy of communicating with communities.
CHILDREN AND YOUTH IN EMERGENCIES
World Vision has worked in several capacities to support children and youth, particularly in regards to protection and the disruption of education as a result of conflict and displacement. World Vision began with Child Friendly Spaces to provide safe environments and restore psychosocial wellbeing for children, youth and families. World Vision has also worked with partners to rehabilitate schools in Mosul and provide catch-up classes for children and youth who have lost up to three years of education.
WATER, SANITATION AND HYGIENE (WASH)
World Vision has conducted water infrastructure programming for both temporary camp solutions and long term sustainable water supply to conflict affected communities. World Vision rehabilitated water treatment plants in Khanke, Khrabdeem and Semel as well as extended water supply networks in Duhok and Ninewa governorates. Rehabilitation of WASH facilities was completed in 30 schools across Kirkuk, Erbil, Duhok, Sulaymaniyah and Ninewa governorates. In addition, World Vision complemented these services with hygiene promotion and disability inclusive facilities. A community wide water conservation campaign also reached 40,000 families in Duhok. Through a disability inclusive WASH programme in Kirkuk, Hassansham and Khabat districts, World Vision constructed 150 disability inclusive latrines and facilitated empowerment and linkage building sessions with the implementation of 11 community driven inclusive WASH initiatives. World Vision also supported camps with WASH in Hassansham U3, Garmawa and Debaga with full services provided in Hassansham U2.
World Vision’s main health intervention in Iraq is Primary Health Care, which primarily targets IDPs in Sulimaniyah and Kirkuk both in and out of camps. World Vision provides free comprehensive PHC services using both the static and mobile clinic modalities, and records approximately 100,000 consultations annually. The PHC centres are further integrated with Women and Young child spaces, which provide a safe environment for breastfeeding as well as family centred health, hygiene, protection awareness raising, SGBV identification and protection case management. In addition to comprehensive PHC services, World Vision is responding to mental health needs by increasing access to both specialised and non-specialised services in Mosul City, Sulaymaniyah and Kirkuk governorates through problem management plus, mHGAP and Psychological First Aid (PFA).
World Vision Livelihoods interventions are designed to address the root causes of food and livelihoods insecurity, promoting self-reliance of vulnerable people at critical times of their lives. Through careful analysis of the market system, projects combine quick wins for short-term impact concurrently with systemic change for long-term sustainability. Activities focus on assisting crisis affected communities through income generation opportunities, value chain development, technical skills training, life skills coaching and introduction of key sustainable farming practices. Through the Youth RESOLVE programme funded by the EU MADAD fund, World Vision is providing life skills coaching, vocational training, apprenticeship placement and support services for youth.
NON-FOOD ITEMS (NFIS)
At least 13,509 people were provided kits for winterization, replenishment, hygiene and children were distributed to augment the pressing needs of the IDPs in many non-camp areas. During the distribution activities, the response team conducted hygiene promotion campaigns that included sessions on hand-washing and proper nutrition.