Menstrual taboos are common in many low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) including Nepal. Such taboos can have direct negative impacts on psychosocial/mental health contributing to poor Menstrual Health and Hygiene Management (MHM), which in turn leads to further negative health outcomes among girls and women. Studies have reported a wide range of negative effects from poor MHM, including shame, fear, anxiety, loneliness, and psychological distress. While a number of efforts to address adolescent issues have been initiated, there is a significant lack of data on adolescents in Nepal that are essential for programs to be properly targeted, be based on robust needs assessments, and for them to reach their intended beneficiaries and achieve desired outcomes. Only very few data sources in Nepal exist that focus on adolescents exclusively, and very few delve into the nuanced aspects of adolescent lives that can address the complex vulnerabilities they face.
Recognizing these gaps in understandings, and with the support from World Vision International Nepal, the Nepal Health Research Council has undertaken a study that aims to assess knowledge, attitude and practice on menstrual hygiene, and identify negative mental health and psychosocial consequences of poor menstrual hygiene among adolescent girls (including differently-abled adolescent girls) in Nepal and make evidence-based recommendations for actions.