Somalia - May 2019 Situation Report

Somalia - May 2019 Situation Report

  • Overall situation: Mild to moderate drought conditions are imminent in many parts of Somalia due to the 2018 insufficient deyr rains and delayed onset of Gu rains. The rainfall amounts recorded so far are significantly¬† below normal, with poor temporal and spatial distribution. More rains are required to reverse the damage that has been caused by the poor rains. With no significant rains foreseen until the end of the season, the existing drought situation may deteriorate further and affect all livelihoods that are rain depended.
  • Food Security is expected to continue deteriorating:¬† Approximately 1.7 million people are now estimated to be in Crisis (IPC Phase 3) and Emergency (IPC Phase 4) between April and June 2019, an increase of 10 percent from the previous projection of 1.55 million for February- June 2019. The number of people classified as Stressed (IPC Phase 2) remains 3.4 million. Declining livestock body conditions, limited livestock saleability, and rising food prices are expected to constrain household food access and urgent scale-up of humanitarian food assistance is needed to help vulnerable people across the country.
  • Urgent scaling up of humanitarian assistance is required: Without adequate and timely funding, World Vision will not be able to respond to the continuous nutrition crisis or to reach the most vulnerable children in need of health, education, protection and WASH services. Additional funding will help to provide critical services to the drought affected areas and the internally displaced persons facing the spread of diseases.
  • Some areas in the North have experienced floods including Nugal, Karkaar, Sanaag /Haylaan and Sool regions: This might increase the prevalence of waterborne disease. There is urgent need for clean water, hygiene facilities and food assistance as well as Non-Food Items including plastic sheets, tents and mosquito nets for communities in Nugaal region that have been affected by floods.